Hi, John, I’m a big Sapolsky fan but I think he’s flat out raggedy-ass wrong on this one. The whole discussion took a wrong turn, imho, somewhere between Descartes and late last week. My 2 cents:

(I wrote this to clarify my own thinking and am now out wandering about Medium seeing what other folks have to say.)

Berkeley Backpacking Biz Lifer, System Builder, Coder, Community Organizer, Music and Evolutionary Biology Geek. Sign up and my projects at